Do you know who selects the judges of the supreme court and high court in India? If you already know the answer it’s good but if you don’t then the answer would be, the President of India. Yes, the President of India designates them for their respective posts at the suggestion of a collegium. What you just learned was just a bit, through this article you will get to explore more interesting facts about the Indian judicial system and the judicial review in India. Therefore, make sure you go through the article thoroughly as understanding them is not only necessary for aspiring learners but also for the public in general.
Furthermore, also make sure to read the mid day meal scheme, to understand all the essential details connected to it. Now, without any further ado let’s begin reading about the judiciary and the judicial review in India.
How Is The Judicial System In India?
The points given below will aid you to comprehend the basic arrangement of the Indian judicial system. Therefore, make sure to read all the points attentively.
- The Indian Judiciary can be understood as the structure of courts that translate and lay the laws in India.
- It operates on a standard approach, inherited from the legal system founded by the former colonial powers and princely states, alongwith certain procedures from ancient and medieval times.
- The whole system is operated and administrated by officers of judicial services. These officers to do so by getting appointed to the posts of district judge and other civil judicial posts inferior to district judge.
- The system can be classified into three ranks with subordinate components. The Supreme Court is also called the Apex Court in India. Since it is the top court and the last appellate court in India.
- High Courts are the ultimate judicial bodies in the states, directed and driven by Chief Justices of States. Below the High Courts are District Courts, also called as subordinate courts, that are headed and supervised by the District and Sessions Judges.
- India’s subordinate court system is split into two parts: the civil court headed by the Sub-Judge followed by the District Munsif court at the lower level; and the criminal court headed by the Chief Judicial/Metropolitan Magistrate at top and followed by ACJM /ACMM & JM/MM at the lower rank.
- Judges of subordinate judiciaries are selected by the governor on proposal by the High Court. Whereas as stated in the introduction the judges of the High Courts and Supreme Court are appointed by the President of India on the advice of a collegium.
How To Understand The Judicial Review In India?
Now, from the points below we learn all about the judicial review procedure in India. Do give the points below a thorough read.
- In India, judicial review is a procedure under which administrative or legislative activities are subjected to inspection by the judiciary.
- It is way of keeping tabs and ensuring symmetries in the execution of powers when any administrative or legislative bodies exceed their authority.
- A bench with power for judicial review may invalidate revisions, regulations, acts and governmental motions conflicting with higher command.
- In case of India an administrative decision may be invalidated for being illegitimate or a regulation may be invalidated for infringing the terms of the Indian Constitution.
- The principle counters between different jurisdictions, so the course and capacity of judicial review may differ from country to country.
- The Indian judicial review is accomplished by the Supreme Court of India as well the 25 High Courts of India.